The E1 and E2 visa categories are significant non-immigrant visa types in the United States, catering to traders and investors from countries with which the U.S. maintains treaties of commerce and navigation. These visas facilitate economic interactions and enhance international business relations.

E1 Visa: Treaty Trader Visa
The E1 visa is designed for individuals or employees of companies that engage in substantial trade between the United States and the treaty country. This trade must be significant regarding volume, value, and continuity.

Key Features of the E1 Visa:
• Substantial Trade Requirement: Involves considerable and ongoing trade between the U.S. and the treaty country, including goods, services, technology, or other trade items.
• Majority Trade with the U.S.: Over 50% of the total volume of international trade by the treaty trader must be between the U.S. and the treaty country.
• Non-Immigrant Intent: E1 visa holders must intend to depart the U.S. upon the termination of their E1 status.
• Duration and Renewal: Initially granted for up to two years, it can be renewed indefinitely as long as the trade conditions are met.
• Family Members: Spouses and unmarried children under 21 can accompany the E1 visa holder.

E2 Visa: Treaty Investor Visa
The E2 visa is intended for investors or employees of companies who make a substantial investment in a U.S. business. The investment must be sufficient to ensure the successful operation of the enterprise.

Key Features of the E2 Visa:
• Substantial Investment: The investment must be significant and at risk to generate a profit. It includes funds and other assets.
• Control of the Investment: The investor must have control over the funds and the business.
• Real Operating Enterprise: The investment must be in a real and operating commercial or entrepreneurial undertaking.
• Non-Immigrant Intent: Similar to the E1 visa, E2 visa holders must plan to leave the U.S. when their business in the U.S. is completed.
• Duration and Renewal: Typically issued for five years but can be extended. The length of stay depends on the treaty between the U.S. and the foreign country.
• Family Members: Spouses and dependent children can join the E2 visa holder.

E1 and E2 visas play crucial roles in fostering international trade and investment, significantly contributing to the U.S. economy. They allow for the movement of businesspersons, investors, and their families, promoting cross-border business activities. While temporary, their renewability ensures long-term business and trade relationships between the U.S. and treaty countries.



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